sqlparse – Parse SQL statements

The sqlparse module provides the following functions on module-level.

sqlparse.split(sql, encoding=None)

Split sql into single statements.

Parameters:
  • sql – A string containing one or more SQL statements.
  • encoding – The encoding of the statement (optional).
Returns:

A list of strings.

sqlparse.format(sql, encoding=None, **options)

Format sql according to options.

Available options are documented in Formatting of SQL Statements.

In addition to the formatting options this function accepts the keyword “encoding” which determines the encoding of the statement.

Returns:The formatted SQL statement as string.
sqlparse.parse(sql, encoding=None)

Parse sql and return a list of statements.

Parameters:
  • sql – A string containing one or more SQL statements.
  • encoding – The encoding of the statement (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Statement instances.

In most cases there’s no need to set the encoding parameter. If encoding is not set, sqlparse assumes that the given SQL statement is encoded either in utf-8 or latin-1.

Formatting of SQL Statements

The format() function accepts the following keyword arguments.

keyword_case
Changes how keywords are formatted. Allowed values are “upper”, “lower” and “capitalize”.
identifier_case
Changes how identifiers are formatted. Allowed values are “upper”, “lower”, and “capitalize”.
strip_comments
If True comments are removed from the statements.
truncate_strings
If truncate_strings is a positive integer, string literals longer than the given value will be truncated.
truncate_char (default: “[...]”)
If long string literals are truncated (see above) this value will be append to the truncated string.
reindent
If True the indentations of the statements are changed.
indent_tabs
If True tabs instead of spaces are used for indentation.
indent_width
The width of the indentation, defaults to 2.
wrap_after
The column limit for wrapping comma-separated lists. If unspecified, it puts every item in the list on its own line.
output_format
If given the output is additionally formatted to be used as a variable in a programming language. Allowed values are “python” and “php”.